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MANAGEMENT OF ALCOHOL POISONING/ALCOHOL INTOXICATION

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ALCOHOL  POISONING/ALCOHOL INTOXICATION

  • Alcohol (chemical name, ethanol) is a drug that depresses the activity of the central nervous system – In particular, the brain.
  • Alcohol poisoning is prolonged or excessive intake of alcohol which can severely impair all physical and mental functions, and the person may sink into deep unconsciousness.

 

 

 


RISKS/DANGEROUS  TO THE CASUALTY FROM ALCOHOL POISONING

  • An unconscious casualty is in danger of inhaling and choking on vomit.
  • Alcohol widens (dilates) the blood vessels. This means the body loses heat, and hypothermia may develop.
  • A casualty who smells of alcohol may be mis-diagnosed and not receive appropriate treatment for an underlying cause of unconsciousness, such as a head injury, stroke or heart attack

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

  • A strong smell of alcohol
  • Empty bottles or cans
  • Impaired consciousness, the casualty may respond if roused, but will quickly relapse.
  • Flushed and moist face. Full bounding pulse
  • Deep, noisy breathing consciousness. In the later stages of consciousness.
  • Dry, bloated appearance to the face
  • Shallow breathing
  • Weak, rapid pulse
  • Dilated pupils that react poorly to light.

 

 

 


MANAGING  A CASUALTY WITH ALCOHOL POISONING

  • Maintain an open air way
  • Assess for other conditions
  • Seek for medical help if necessary.
  • Cover the casualty with a coat or blanket to protect him from the cold.
  • Assess the casualty for any injuries, especially head injuries, or other medical conditions.
  • Monitor and record vital signs – level of response, pulse and breathing until the casualty recovers or is placed in the care of responsible person.

 

 

 

 

NOTE

  • Prolonged or excessive intake of alcohol can severely impair all physical and mental functions, and the person may sink into deep unconsciousness.
  • Do not induce vomiting.
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